Massa Marittima is a beautiful hilltop town located about 20 kilometers from the Tuscan coast and 400 meters above sea level with magnificent views of the surrounding countryside.
In the 11th century the town was a wealthy and important Episcopal center. The Cathedral of San Cerbone and churches of San Pietro all’Orto (1197), San Francesco (1220) and San Agostino (14th century) are a testimony to this powerful clerical rein. Massa Marittima’s prosperity and wealth are further ascertained by its two standing towers, Torre del Candeliere (1228) and Torre Campanaria (1627), the Sienese Fortress and the ancient Zecca (mint) edifice, where they coined their very own currency.
The town’s important artistic and architectural heritage also includes Piazza Garibaldi square, the 13th century Palazzo del Podestà, the 14th century Palazzo Comunale and the Porta dei Silici door, which divides the old and new town.
Finally, the fascinating Palazzo dell'Abbondanza is a good example of Massa Marittima’s efficient political and civic organization. Built in 1265, it served as a public granary where citizens would deposit part of their harvest in prospect of future famines or war. An interesting feature of this edifice is a 13th century fresco representing a foliaged tree from which hang 25 phallic organs. One possible interpretation of this unusual depiction is the association of the male organ with fertility, an auspice that the citizens would never have to retrieve the food stock from the granary.
Last but not least, Massa Marittima is renowned for its excellent wines such as the Monteregio di Massa Marittima, once known as Balestro del Girifalco, the Morellino di Scansano, which needs no introduction, and the magnificent Avvoltore wine